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Cold Storage: The Basics

Cold Storage: The Basics

The journey our perishable foods and pharmaceuticals take to arrive at our homes is commonly known as the cold supply chain. This process requires logistical planning from multiple locations using data in order to work together to achieve a common goal, to move perishable items from one side of the world to the other without putting their integrity at risk. But as much as we talk about transportation, another important aspect of cold chain logistics is refrigerated housing, better known as cold storage.

What Is Cold Storage?

Cold storage is the storage of any temperature-controlled substance that prevents it from decaying or not adhering to laws and regulations that apply to that item. There are several examples of different cold storage facility options for your business to consider, for example:

  1. The business or manufacturer may have a privately owned cold storage facility located nearby where they store products before shipping.

  2. Businesses may have a cold storage facility on-site to house their products before use. Restaurants, hotels, and hospitals are all good examples.

  3. Most businesses choose to outsource their cold storage needs to a third-party logistics provider, or 3PL, until they are shipped to the customer.

Because of the regulation surrounding refrigerated freight, cold storage is much more complex than its dry counterpart. Refrigerated warehousing tends to be more costly, so many manufacturers opt to outsource their cold storage to third-party logistics providers. As demand for the transportation of refrigerated goods increases, so does the demand for value-added services such as repack operations and consolidation. Customers tend to have more stringent requirements for the 3PLs they are outsourcing to since retailers and end users have higher expectations when it comes to pallet building and traceability. Because of this, 3PLs tend to have a lower return on investment for cold storage and have to do everything possible to optimize their processes and facilities in order to remain profitable.

As the cold chain process continues to grow, more diverse customer needs are shaping the evolution of the cold storage industry—and these needs are not only limited to added value services, they also have to do with the nature of the goods themselves being stored. Different products have varying shelf lives, ranges of temperatures they are required to be stored at, and amounts of time they can spend between the cold storage facility and a transportation vehicle before spoiling. To make things even more complicated, there are food and product safety regulations attached to each type of product that requires its own unique temperature-controlled transportation and storage. This logistical problem takes precision and expert planning in order to work.

Types Of Cold Storage

Refrigerated Containers or Reefers:

This is the most basic and cost-effective way to quickly store and cool food before it reaches its final destination. They provide extra flexibility and are used for both stationary as well as mobile use.

Blast Freezers:

Ideal for companies that need to cool and store food rapidly. Larger restaurants, hotels, and catering companies often use them.

Cold Rooms:
A larger, non-mobile alternative to the options listed above.

Pharmaceutical Grade Cold Storage:

Hospitals and research institutions may make use of pharmaceutical-grade cold storage units. These units are equipped with extra features that make them ideal for biopharmaceuticals, blood, and certain vaccines.


Preferred Cold Storage Service (3PL):

As we discussed above, many companies that use cold storage have complex needs based on the nature of their products and the preferences of their end consumers. Those who choose to avoid the cost of an on-site facility will opt to use a custom or dedicated cold storage facility provided by a 3PL.

Cold Storage Warehouse Logistics:

With a cold storage facility of over 32,000 square feet consisting of four separate coolers, Evo Logistics is able to monitor and store our customer’s temperature-sensitive products in a state-of-the-art temperature-controlled warehouse. Our facility is monitored and operates 24/7 to ensure our customers’ products are safe, maintained at the expected temperature, and properly inspected through the Evo Quality Control Report.

We Provide The Following Cold Storage Services:

  • Palletizing

  • Re-Weighting

  • Re-gelling

  • Re-packaging

  • Re-icing (wet and dry ice)

  • Consolidation

  • Dry Storage

  • Cold Storage (32-55 rooms)

  • Cross-docking

  • Quality Report Inspections

Contact us today to see if Evo Logistics can help with your business’ cold storage warehouse and supply needs.